For centuries, people have been fascinated by opposites, Yin and Yang, Dr. Jeckle and Mr. Hyde, the Dark Side of the Force. We recognize that things/people have good and bad sides, and the bad is often in conflict with the good. What happens in the lives of people, also happens in history. It is happening now with the Fossil Fuel era. In the 19th and 20th centuries, we experienced – mostly – the good side of fossil fuels – electricity, cars, airplanes. Now in the 21st century, fossil fuels have flipped, and the dark side is becoming more and more dominant.

The signs are everywhere that global warming through burning fossil fuels is destroying life as we know it. Look at the darkness created by Hurricane Fiona and Hurricane Ian in Puerto Rico, Newfoundland, and Canada. How is this dark side playing out in New England, here on the North Shore? The NE electric power grid is run by an agency, created by the U.S. Congress in the 1990s, called the Independent System Operator – ISO-NE. It runs the day-to-day electric grid that keeps all of New England lit up and it controls who provides power to the grid. The dark side of ISO is it is controlled by the utilities (such as National Grid), by the people who own and operate natural gas power plants, and by municipal power companies, which are run mostly by people with roots in the natural gas industry.

The people, mostly men, who run these organizations look to the past, to the good days of fossil fuels, because those days made them rich and made their companies rich. For them fossil fuels mean nice houses, pensions, vacations in Europe, children in private schools. So, they tell ISO to hold onto those old days and to ignore the coming of the fossil fuel dark side.
The Myth of the Free Market in Energy
ISO-NE follows their wishes by constantly talking about two myths. First, ISO says repeatedly that it operates a free market for energy providers. It says we should follow the un-biased results of the free market in deciding who provides us with electric energy. But that is a lie – every economist knows that the most basic part of a free market is the open entry of new producers into the market. For example, at a Farmer’s Market any food producer can participate, and every booth competes with other booths for customers.

ISO doesn’t operate a free market like that. Instead, it creates rules about who gets to produce electricity – rules that prevent solar and wind power and battery storage from providing us with electricity. Why? If they let these less expensive, cleaner sources of energy move into the market, then natural gas power plants would have to close – meaning the end of the good days for those fossil fuel men who are the power behind ISO.

This claim, that natural gas is the choice of the energy markets, is persuasive because it piggybacks onto one of the great myths that influence the way Americans think – that we are the home of the Free Market – so energy chosen by the market must be good. This myth is a powerful tool for convincing state government officials to do things from the past, like approve the foolish power plant being built in Peabody.

Peaker Plants and the Myth of Reliability
In addition to “the free market choses natural gas” what else does ISO claim? That natural gas is reliable and renewable fuels are not. They say things such as: solar power is unreliable because the sun doesn’t shine at night; wind power is unreliable because the wind doesn’t blow all the time; batteries are unreliable because they need to last several days.

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People who are not gazing into the past know that combining solar and wind power means most electric needs are covered and keeping some gas plants for occasional peaker duty would handle any gaps. We also know that peak usage hours are usually only four or five hours long, a time easily covered by today’s batteries which are steadily improving. Batteries showed their worth during the California energy squeeze in August.

What is the result of ISO’s bogus reliability claims? For fossil fuel supporters, the only reliable fuel is natural gas. This myth is another powerful tool for convincing state government officials to keep doing things from the past. ISO and all the other people tied to the fossil fuel past use the Reliability Myth as a weapon – no state or local agency wants to be responsible for letting the lights go out – so they approve stupid projects like the Peabody power plant.

We need to fight the dark side of the end of the fossil fuel era – natural gas is not a superior fuel; it only wins when fossil fuel people use their power to rig the rules. Natural gas is not more reliable, solar, wind & batteries are the energy of the future. Fight the Dark Side.